Here's what happened on November 17th!
- 1558: Queen Mary of England died and Elizabeth I ascended to the English throne. During Elizabeth's reign, known as the Elizabethan Era, England began to develop into a strong, united, vigorous nation.
(Shapers of Society)
- 1734: John Peter Zenger was arrested on charges of seditious libel for printing criticism about the royal governor of New York, Wiliam Crosby. As the printer of the New York Weekly Journal Zenger was legally responsible.
(World Biography, American History)
- 1800: Congress held its first session in Washington, D.C. It had convened before in many different cities, since the first meeting in Philadelphia in 1774.
- 1811: Tecumseh, the leader of the Shawnee tribe of American Indians, was determined to defy white settler influences without violence. He had wanted to reach a settlement with the settlers. While he was away William Henry Harrison led troops to Tecumseh's settlement and his brother enaged in battle, ruining any hope of a peaceful agreement.
(Shapers of Society, World Biography)
- 1855: David Livingstone, a Scottish missionary and explorer of Africa, came upon what natives called "Mosi-oa-tunya," which means "the smoke that thunders," a towering waterfall. He renamed it Victoria Falls.
(Biography for Beginners)
- 1858: Denver, Colorado, was founded.
- 1878:Grace Abbott was born in Grand Island, Nebraska. She was known by the media as “Mother of America’s 43 million children,” for her dedication to child welfare. She, along with her sister, is credited as a pioneer in social work. Abbott also fought for immigrant and women’s rights.
- 1934: Lyndon B. Johnson and Claudia Alta Taylor, future president and first lady (known as "Lady Bird", were married in San Antonio, Texas.
(Biography for Beginners, World Biography)
- 1935: Austrian skier Anton ‘Toni’ Sailer was born in Kitzbuhel, Austria. He became the first skier in history to win three gold medals at one Winter Olympics at Cortina d’Ampezzo, Italy in 1956.
- 1942: American filmmaker, Martin Scorsese was born in New York City. Among his best-known films are Casino (1995) and Gangs of New York (2002).
(American History, Essential Information)
- 1997: Islamic terrorists carried out the Luxor Massacre in Egypt. A total of 58 foreign tourists and 12 Egyptians were killed in the bloodshed.
(Defining Moments Online)
- 2013: Nobel Prize for Literature (2007) winner Doris Lessing died in London, England. Many of her works are set in British colonial Africa.