Here's what happened on March 23rd!
- 1806: The Corps of Discovery (Lewis and Clark Expedition) loaded their gear into canoes and headed for home. The explorers made their triumphant return to St. Louis on September 23, 1806, after two and half years and 7,689 miles of exploring.
- 1869: Filipino rebel leader and politician Emilio Aguinaldo was born in Cavite (now Kawit) on the island of Luzon in the Philippines. He was involved in a number of attempts to gain independence for the Philippines. In 1985 the Philippine government unveiled a five-peso bill honoring him for his role as a champion of Filipino independence in the Philippine-American War.
- 1882: German mathematician Emmy Noether was born in Erlangen, Germany. During a time when women were rarely allowed to attend college, Noether received her PhD, taught at universities, and made great contributions to math. Albert Einstein called her “the most significant mathematical genius thus far produced since the higher education of women began.”
(Biography for Beginners)
- 1953: Jonas Edward Salk announced in the Journal of the American Medical Association his ability to use dead polio virus to produce antibodies that would act against living polio virus. This vaccine would go on to provide polio immunization for tens of millions of people around the world.
(World Biography, American History, Shapers of Society)
- 1971: The text of the 26th Amendment to the Constitution was passed by Congress. This set the national voting age in all elections to 18. The amendment was ratified by the states and added to the Constitution on July 1, 1971.
1973: Judge John Sirica makes public a letter from one of the Watergate burglars, charging that high-ranking officials were involved in an extensive Watergate cover-up. The release of this letter was a turning point in the level of coverage and attention the scandal received.
(Defining Moments, American History)
- 1983: In a nationally televised speech, President Ronald Reagan unveiled his plans to create a national missile defense system. The system, nicknamed “Star Wars,” was called the Strategic Defense Initiative (SDI).
- 2006: Professional basketball player Karl Malone’s jersey, number 32, was retired by the Utah Jazz. They also installed a bronze statue of Malone on the plaza outside of their home court, Delta Center.